Forex Essentials
Apr 22, 2024

What is Grid Trading?

Advantages and disadvantages [Precautions also explained!]

Grid trading is one of the methods in investing and trading. Many people may want to know the details and advantages and disadvantages. In this article, we will tell you about the basics and applications of "grid trading".

Specifically, we will explain the advantages that are an advantage for you and the disadvantages that you should be aware of. In addition, precautions are also explained.

By reading this article, you will be able to understand the precautions and risks of utilizing grid trading and expand the range of your trading strategy.

Investing and trading are risky, but with the right knowledge and strategy, you have a better chance of maximizing your returns. Read this article to understand whether "grid trading" suits your investment style, its effectiveness, and to be able to trade with confidence.

What is Grid Trading?

"Grid trading" is one of the trading methods in Forex (foreign exchange trading).

In grid trading, a fixed price interval (grid) is set according to the price movement of the market. Then, we use a system that automatically places a buy order when the price goes up and a sell order when the price falls.

For example, a currency starts at 100 yen, and when the price rises, you place a buy order of 100 yen, 101 yen, 102 yen, and so on. Similarly, when the price drops, you can also place a sell order.

The feature of grid trading is that as long as the market is moving, trades will be made regardless of whether the price goes up or down. This trading method does not require you to predict the movement of the market and is effective when the market is flat.

Let's take a look at the detailed mechanics of grid trading and how to put it into practice.

How does grid trading work?

Grid trading refers to a strategy of taking positions with price ranges that are evenly spaced relative to the market. This strategy is known as "Grid Trading" because it draws regularly spaced scale lines (GRID LINE) on the chart and takes one position for each scale.

The crux of grid trading is to set multiple orders at a fixed price interval and open positions according to price movements up and down. For example, if the market price is $1.1000, the trader would set a buy order against price levels such as $1.1010, $1.1020, and $1.1030, and at the same time set a sell order against price levels such as $1.0990, $1.0980, $1.0970, etc. In this way, traders can flexibly respond to price movements up and down, and it is possible to hold multiple positions.

Grid trading is sensitive to market fluctuations and serves as an attractive risk management tool for traders.

How to Practice Grid Trading

  1. Determine the range:

First, determine the range (grid) in which the price will go up or down. For example, if the price of a currency pair fluctuates from 1.2 to 1.3, you can place an order within this range.

  1. Place an order:

Next, we alternate between buying and selling orders for the price in the range. For example, if the price reaches 1.2, place a buy order. If the price reaches 1.3, place a sell order. In this way, you can make a profit in the event that the price reciprocates.

  1. Lock in Profits:

It is important to lock in profits if you have made multiple trades within the range where the price goes up and down. For example, if the price reaches 1.25, you can lock in profit with a buy order.

There are two main patterns of profit taking.

Case (1)

When each position reaches its target profit margin (or loss margin), it is a method of closing individual positions individually.

Case (2)

How to close all positions when the target profit margin (or loss margin) is reached for the entire position.

Advantages of Grid Trading

There are several benefits of grid trading, which makes it a great attraction for investors. In this section, we will explain in detail why grid trading is attracting attention and its benefits.

First of all, the ability to diversify risk is a major advantage of grid trading. Since you trade at multiple price levels, if one trade fails, others may still make a profit. This allows you to spread your risk widely and increase the stability of your investments.

In addition, grid trading has the feature that it is not affected by market movements. Even if the market price swings up and down, it is effective even when the market price is flat because it trades at a certain price interval. This makes it easier to continue trading even when it is difficult to predict the market.

And by automating grid trading, you can reduce manual trading work, invest more efficiently, and maximize returns.

Let's take a closer look at the benefits of each.

(1) Risk diversification is possible

Risk diversification is one of the attractive aspects of grid trading.

By using this strategy, you can:

"Position Diversification"

Grid trading places orders on multiple price levels, so the risk is evenly distributed. It increases the likelihood that losses at one price level will be offset by profits at other price levels.

"Controlling Risk"

By holding multiple positions against price fluctuations, you can mitigate the risk of sudden fluctuations in the market. Even if one position loses, other positions may make a profit, thus reducing the overall risk.

"Flexibility in Trading"

Grid trading is a highly flexible strategy that allows traders to set positions at different price levels and time frames. This makes it easier to adapt to different market conditions.

By leveraging risk diversification, traders can improve the stability of their overall portfolios and manage risk more effectively in uncertain markets.

(2) Not affected by market movements

A typical trading technique uses a technical approach that has been tested and proven to be superior based on historical market data. However, there are some drawbacks to this approach. For example, if you encounter a market situation that you have never experienced in the past, or if a rare market situation occurs, it will be difficult for technical analysis to be effective.

Technical analysis is an attempt to predict future price trends based on past price data and patterns. This approach relies on stochastic probabilistic prediction of future movements from past data, and predicts future price movements with reference to past market trends. Therefore, if the future market situation is outside the scope of the forecasting model, technical analysis will be less effective. In other words, technical analysis is constrained by its reliance on historical data, making it difficult to fully predict future market trends.

Grid trading, on the other hand, is a non-technical method and does not rely on historical market data. Therefore, even if the market environment changes, it is likely that this method will continue to work. Grid trading is characterized by its ability to flexibly respond to price fluctuations and respond quickly to changes in the market.

In short, technical analysis is an approach that seeks to predict the future based on past data, while grid trading does not rely on historical data and has the flexibility to respond to market fluctuations.

(3) Automation can improve work efficiency and maximize returns.

Grid trading automation is a powerful tool for the efficient execution of trading tasks and the pursuit of maximizing profits. Here are some of the key benefits of automation:


Automation is the key to efficiently handling trading tasks. Traders don't have to manually enter orders and don't have to spend a lot of time monitoring trades. This allows traders to focus their valuable time and energy on other important tasks.

"Elimination of emotions"

Automation allows you to trade without being influenced by emotions. Traders' emotions often influence their trading decisions, but automated systems eliminate emotions and execute trades as planned.


The automated system executes trades consistently. With the right parameters and settings, traders can consistently take trades regardless of market conditions.

"Identifying Opportunities"

Automation can help you identify market opportunities efficiently. The system monitors price fluctuations based on your settings so that you don't miss out on the potential of your trades.

Grid trading automation is a valuable tool for traders seeking to efficiently execute trading tasks and maximize profits. Traders should carefully design their automation systems and adapt to market fluctuations with appropriate settings and parameters. Properly implemented automation will save traders time and mental burden, resulting in more consistent trading and profit maximization.

Disadvantages of Grid Trading

Grid trading is certainly an attractive method, but it also has its disadvantages. In this section, we will discuss the disadvantages of grid trading in detail.

First, there is the risk that unrealized losses will increase in the event of an inverse market. When the market moves in an unexpected direction, you will have an unrealized loss in order to continue trading within the set grid. That's why risk management is important and requires careful trading planning.

Second, it is susceptible to spreads. Since spreads (the difference between the selling and buying prices) are incurred when trading, the width of the spread can reduce profits. Especially in the case of small price movements, it should be noted that the influence of the spread will be large.

And the disadvantage is that it is difficult to fully automate. Utilizing automated trading systems is efficient and convenient, but it requires a trader's judgement and risk management skills to properly respond to market fluctuations. Rather than relying solely on a fully automated system, it will be important to combine the trader's own judgement.

Let's take a closer look at the disadvantages of each.

(1) Unrealized losses increase when a reverse market occurs

Increasing positions and accumulating losses is an important aspect of risk management in grid trading. This strategy involves placing multiple orders at a certain price interval, which is a particular cause for concern when encountering a reverse market. Let's take a deeper dive into this risk factor.

In a grid trading strategy, a buy order is automatically placed for a price increase and a sell order is set for a price fall. Since these orders are set at certain price intervals, it is important to note that if the price suddenly changes in the opposite direction from the forecast, multiple positions may have unrealized losses. It is especially important to note that in a reverse market situation, prices can fluctuate unexpectedly and rapidly.

In a reverse market, for example, if the price drops sharply, these buy orders can quickly increase the unrealized loss. Especially when prices fluctuate a lot, the associated losses can also add up, which is a big risk for traders.


While grid trading is an effective strategy, it is essential to understand reverse market risk and take appropriate measures. For success, it is important to take measures such as optimizing risk settings, developing a trading plan, taking partial profits, and monitoring trades. These elements are described in more detail below.

"Optimizing Risk Settings"

It is essential to carefully consider settings such as position size, price interval, and loss tolerance to minimize risk. Holding an excessively large position or taking a price range too wide can increase potential losses. The key to success is to carefully set risks and think about the balance between risk and reward.

"Develop a trade plan"

Develop a trading plan in advance in preparation for a reverse market. Plan how you will deal with a reverse market in the event of a reversal so that you can execute trades calmly and without being swayed by emotions. Your trading plan should include specific guidelines such as entry points, stop losses, and take profits.

"Partial Profit Staking"

Consider a strategy to lock in some profits in stages. If there are signs that the market is turning into a reverse market, we will close some positions to limit the increase in unrealized losses. Sequential profit taking is an effective way to protect your profits and keep up with market fluctuations.

"Monitoring Trades"

When you enter a reverse market, you will regularly monitor your trades and make adjustments as needed. Even if you're using an automated system, it's important to keep a close eye on market conditions. Real-time response to inverse markets is essential to minimize losses and maintain positive trade results.

By combining these measures, you can minimize the risk of reverse markets in grid trading and pursue successful trading. Risk management and careful planning are essential skills in building a trading career.

(2) Susceptible to spreads

Grid trading is a strategy that takes multiple positions at a certain price interval, and due to its characteristics, the number of trades increases, and it is susceptible to spreads, which are trading fees. Even if this makes a profit, it has the potential to lose fees in total.

The peculiarity of this strategy is that when the price moves up and down at regular intervals, multiple orders are set up and positioned accordingly. Spread risk is an important factor in this strategy, which has the following effects:

"Increased trading costs"

The spread is considered as the cost of the trade. Every time the price moves up or down, there is a spread between the opening and closing of the position. Therefore, if you do grid trading on currency pairs with wide spreads, your trading costs will increase and it will be difficult to take profits.

"Reconciliation with Price Interval"

In order to successfully trade the grid, you need to carefully adjust the price interval and the size of the spread. If the price interval is too tighter than the spread, the price movement will not fall within the spread width, increasing the risk of incurring losses.

When conducting grid trading, careful planning and risk management for spreads are essential. You should also take into account choosing major currency pairs with narrow spreads. This increases your chances of minimizing your trading costs and maximizing your profits.


In grid trading, we will explain in detail the important measures to minimize spread risk. Spread risk is a potential loss factor for traders, so understanding and practicing mitigation measures is a shortcut to trading success.

"Choosing a Broker"

When it comes to grid trading, the width of the spread is key. It is important to choose a reliable broker. The spreads offered by brokers vary, and choosing a broker that offers competitive spreads can help you minimize your trading costs. Choose your broker carefully.

"Use of major currency pairs"

Major currency pairs are very suitable for grid trading. These currency pairs generally have tight spreads and high liquidity in the market. Therefore, the cost of spreading can be minimized. Prioritize the selection of major currency pairs.

"Adjusting the Spread Width and Price Interval"

Before you start trading, carefully adjust the width of the spread and the price interval you have chosen. If the price interval is too narrow than the spread width, it increases the likelihood that the price movement will not fall within the spread, which can lead to losses in trades. Set the right price interval to keep up with the spread.

Successful grid trading requires careful planning for spreads, risk management, choosing a reliable broker, and using major currency pairs. It's about combining these factors to minimize your trading costs and maximize your profits through sustained efforts.

(3) Full automation is difficult

If you want to fully automate grid trading, you will face a variety of challenges. Below, we will discuss why it is difficult to fully automate grid trading.

"Adapting to market volatility"

The market is constantly changing, and its volatility varies depending on different currency pairs and time of day. Successful grid trading requires the flexibility to respond quickly to market volatility. However, full automation can be challenging to meet this challenge. Trading algorithms are programmed based on certain conditions, and in situations where the market is volatile, these conditions may not be effective.

"Unpredictable Events"

Unpredictable economic events and political news can occur around the world. For example, the release of important economic indicators or the statements of politicians can have a significant impact on the market. A fully automated trading system can be difficult to deal with such unpredictable factors and can rapidly increase the risk of trading. These events can manifest themselves as factors that break a trading plan in the market.

"Setting Parameters"

Proper parameters and settings are essential for successful grid trading. This includes price intervals, position sizes, loss tolerances, etc. Whenever market conditions fluctuate, these parameters must be adjusted appropriately. However, with full automation, it can be difficult to properly adjust these parameters to match market fluctuations. Trading algorithms operate on the basis of programmed parameters, which makes it difficult for them to quickly adapt to market fluctuations.

As you can see, full automation is a difficult task in grid trading. There are many challenges, such as adapting to market volatility, dealing with unpredictable events, and setting the right parameters, and the trader's judgement and experience remain essential in maintaining and succeeding in the maintenance and success of the trading plan.


Grid trading is an effective trading strategy, but its full automation comes with challenges. The following are some of the three reasons why full automation is difficult.

"Adapting to market volatility"

What to do: Even if you're aiming for full automation, it's important to incorporate the ability to adjust parameters to market volatility to increase the flexibility of your algorithms. It helps to design to take advantage of real-time data and update algorithms.

"Unpredictable Events"

What to do: To deal with unpredictable events, you can integrate real-time news feeds and economic calendars into your trading system and incorporate reactions to important announcements and events. It is also important to strengthen risk management measures and prepare for sudden market fluctuations.

"Setting Parameters"

What to do: When it comes to setting parameters, the trader's experience and judgement are important. Even in full automation, it is desirable to incorporate a mechanism to adjust the parameters according to the market situation. Trial and error to find the best parameters through backtesting is also helpful.

Full automation is certainly a difficult task, but by taking the above measures, it is possible to improve the efficiency of automation and bring your trading strategy closer to success.

Notes on Grid Trading

Grid trading is a method that can maximize returns, but there are some points that need attention. In order to protect your funds and minimize risk, it is important to understand the precautions of grid trading.

Let's understand the points to keep in mind when utilizing grid trading and achieve safe and effective trading. Let's take a look at some specific points to keep in mind.

Predict market fluctuations and set appropriate price ranges

Grid trading is one of the most important trading strategies when dealing with market fluctuations.

To be successful, it is essential to anticipate market fluctuations and set the right price range. The following is an easy-to-understand explanation of the main points of grid trading.

"Utilization of historical price data"

When practicing grid trading, let's analyze past price trends in detail. This will allow you to set the right price point. Take into account past support and resistance levels and price fluctuations to lock in a price range. Price range settings based on historical data can be very useful when predicting market fluctuations.

"Dealing with Volatility"

Market volatility fluctuates all the time. Price movements can occur abruptly, especially before important economic events or when political uncertainty increases. If volatility is high, set a wide price range and manage risk. Prices can fluctuate rapidly, so it is important to adjust the range of positions set.

"Thorough Implementation of the Trade Plan"

Once you've set a price range, it's time to steadily execute your trading plan based on that price range. The key to success is to trade according to plan and not be swayed by emotions. A trading plan serves as an important component of trade progress and risk management.

Grid trading is a powerful tool for dealing with market fluctuations, but it's all about predicting market movements and setting price ranges. Analyzing historical price data, dealing with volatility, and sticking to a steady trading plan are important steps towards the success of this strategy. By planning well and trading calmly, you will be able to use grid trading more effectively.

Even with automation, risk management is still required

Grid trading is a powerful trading strategy for dealing with market fluctuations, but even if it is automated, risk management is still necessary. This is because without risk management, this strategy is more likely to result in significant losses. Below, we will discuss the importance of risk management when automating grid trading.

"Market forecasts are fraught with uncertainty."

Grid trading is a strategy in which you set orders at a certain price range and take profits according to market fluctuations. However, the market is constantly fluctuating due to unpredictable factors. Announcements of economic indicators, political events, and natural disasters can have a significant impact on the market. Automated trading does not take these factors into account, which increases the risk. Risk management is a means of dealing with unpredictable market fluctuations.

"I need to control the position size"

In grid trading, you set up a series of orders at once. If you don't control your position size properly, you can lose a lot of money. For automated trading, it is important to implement an algorithm that calculates the position size and takes into account the risk-reward ratio. If you fail to control your position size, your risk can increase exponentially and cause significant damage to your portfolio.

"Traders' judgement and experience are essential."

Automated trading is a useful tool, but the final decision is left to the trader. The trader needs to play a role in checking the movement of the automation system and intervening according to the situation. It is important not to rely entirely on mechanical systems and to stay on top of the big picture of your trades. A trader's judgement and experience are essential in risk management

Grid trading is a great strategy for dealing with market fluctuations, but if you don't manage your risk, you run a higher risk of losing money. In order to minimize risk and maintain stable trading results, thoroughly implement the above risk management precautions. Even with automated trading, the trader's proactive risk management is the key to success.

Opt for a platform with tight spreads

To maximize the effectiveness of grid trading, choosing a trading platform with tight spreads is very important. Let's get to the point about the benefits.

"Minimization of trade costs"

By choosing a platform with tight spreads, you can minimize your trading costs. Narrow spreads are part of the commission you pay when trading, so trades are expensive when spreads are wide. Tight spreads help traders maximize their profits.

"Improved risk management"

If the spread is wide, it will be difficult to set a price range. Platforms with tight spreads make it easier for traders to set finer price ranges, making it easier to manage risk. Being able to control risk is important in minimizing potential losses.

"Entry and exit timing"

Platforms with tight spreads allow you to set the timing of entry and exit more precisely. When opening and closing positions according to the price range, the impact of spreads is minimized. This allows traders to make effective trades that align with market trends.

Therefore, choosing a platform with tight spreads is an important step in achieving success in a trading strategy such as grid trading. Traders are expected to choose their brokers carefully, check the transparency and reputation of their spreads, and create an effective trading environment.

Take advantage of grid trading with Threetrader

Choosing a platform with tight spreads is an important first step towards improving the efficiency of grid trading and a successful trading career. Let's take a look at why ThreeTrader is the ideal choice for traders, focusing on two key benefits.

1. Minimization of trading costs

If you want to maximize your profits in a volatile market like the currency market, it is essential to minimize your trading costs in order to meet your asset goals.

ThreeTrader boasts some of the tightest spreads in the industry, which is very important for traders. This is because tight spreads can minimize trading costs. While wide spreads can hurt profits on other platforms, ThreeTrader's narrow spreads minimize trading costs.

2. Improved risk management

Effective risk management is essential for successful trading. On other platforms, it can be difficult to set the exact price range, which can introduce unnecessary risk.

ThreeTrader's execution power allows traders to set precise price ranges and improve their risk management skills. This allows you to confidently set stop-loss and take-profit orders, effectively controlling your risk. This important risk management feature minimizes potential losses and protects your capital.

In addition, ThreeTrader's transparent and reliable spread structure allows you to make accurate decisions based on your data. For traders who value risk management, ThreeTrader is a safe and reliable platform.

In summary, choosing a platform with tight spreads is an important step, especially for traders pursuing a grid trading strategy. ThreeTrader excels in that regard, offering not only tight spreads but also a lot of features to enhance your trading experience.

To take the first step towards successful trading, consider ThreeTrader.

Click here to open a live account

Log in to Client Portal

Conclusion | Grid Trading

Grid trading is one of the methods in investing and trading. It is characterized by repeating trades at certain price intervals, whether the price goes up or down.

Advantages include risk diversification, not being affected by market movements, and maximizing returns through automation. The disadvantages include the possibility of increased unrealized losses, susceptibility to spreads, and difficulty in fully automating.

Grid trading is an attractive method that allows you to trade without being affected by market fluctuations. Risk diversification and automation can help you streamline your investments. However, it is also important to understand the impact of reverse markets and spreads and manage risk. While paying attention to the disadvantages and precautions, let's take advantage of the advantages of grid trading and maximize returns.